How to Grow a Mango Tree? How to Care?

How to Grow a Mango Tree? How to Care?

You can also grow mango trees that grow naturally in the warm regions of Southeast Asia by your own means. Everything you may wonder about how to grow a mango tree when suitable conditions are provided is in our article.

Although people were aware of the existence of these trees at least 6000 years ago, they have become popular all over the world with modernization. Today, it is industrially produced in India, Brazil, China, Thailand and Mexico, and it is used in beverages such as fruit juices and cold teas. Recently, you can buy mangoes in almost every market in our country. If you're interested, we'll cover all the details of how to grow mangoes , from the smallest detail to the growing conditions.

You have the chance to grow mango from seedlings and seeds, but since you cannot find a mango sapling under normal conditions, we will explain how to grow mango from seed .

First, buy a fresh and ripe fruit from the market. The larger and fresher the fruit you buy, the better the chance of germination. Each mango fruit has a single seed. After eating the mango fruit you bought, clean and dry the thick layer around the peel. When removing this layer, do not damage the seed and brush it gently. Dry the shell that gets rid of the pulp for a maximum of two days, if you keep it waiting longer, it may lose its seed feature.

In the dried mango seed, it is time to germinate. Moisten a cloth or wet towel with warm water, put the seed in between, wrap it and put it in plastic bags. You can wrap several seeds in a single cloth and bag them. Take the towel to a dark and at the same time warm environment where you are sure that it will not dry out and wait. Check for sprout every few days and re-moisten if the towel is dry during this time. The seed will start to root in about 3 weeks. Then the job comes to potting. Place the potted seed sideways. Cover the seed with 3 cm of soil and water well. Keep the soil moist but not wet.

What Are the Characteristics of the Mango Tree?

What are the characteristics of the mango tree for those who want to grow a mango tree?

Mango, Mangifera indica, is an evergreen tree in the Anacardiaceae family grown for its edible fruit. The mango tree is upright and branchy with a thick trunk and a wide, rounded canopy. The leaves of the tree are glossy and dark green. They are elliptical or lanceolate with a long stem and a leathery texture. The tree produces dense flower clusters with cream-pink leaves in branched panicles. Mango trees can grow up to 45 m high and live more than 100 years. The first mango trees grown in the world are believed to have grown in India.

Mango trees grow best in frost-free tropical or subtropical climates, especially in areas with 75 to 250 cm of rain in the four summer months (June-September) followed by 8 months, and in dry weather. Trees grow optimally during a relatively cool dry season and at temperatures of 24–27 °C, where the temperature is highest during flowering and fruiting. Mangoes tolerate almost any soil as long as it drains well. Optimum growth will be achieved in rich, deep, well-drained loam. However, very rich soils will encourage vegetative growth at the expense of flower and fruit production and should be avoided. The trees also grow well in sandy, gravelly and limestone soils. The optimum soil pH is between 5.5 and 7.5.

Seeds Mango seeds are generally used for rootstock production or for the production of new varieties. Seeds can be polyembryonic or monoembryonic. Polyembryonic seeds can produce 3 to 10 seedlings from one seed, which will show characteristics of most parent plants. Monoembryonic seeds produce only one seedling from each seed and generally do not reproduce by type. Monoembryonic mango varieties are usually propagated vegetatively by grafting onto polyembryonic rootstocks. Seeds are collected from fully ripened fruits before cooling. The seed is then removed from the endocarp and sown within 24 hours due to rapid degeneration in seed viability. Mango seeds should be planted to a depth of 2 cm and placed on their side to maintain a straight growth habit. monoembryonic seeds,

Another issue that should be mentioned among the properties of the mango tree is its diseases and damages. Orange rusty spots on both upper and lower leaf surfaces, which may coalesce to form large irregularly shaped patches; Scraping of orange spots, grayish discoloration of the underlying leaf lamina are common diseases. This disease has the ability to spread to other trees around it. This infection, which causes an ugly appearance, has no known harm. In addition, they can be exposed to powdery mildew on their fruits, fungi on their fruits and bacterial diseases that occur on the tree trunk.

What are the Tips for Growing/Caring for a Mango Tree?

After the mango tree is planted in the field or in their final location, they are easy to care for. But with a few tips and useful information you need to know, you can grow much more effectively. So what are the tricks of growing a mango tree?

  • First of all, mango trees love hot weather and can die in temperatures below 5 degrees Celsius. You can grow the mango tree at home, provided that suitable conditions are provided until it becomes an adult. In the right conditions, this tree forms a dense cover of long oblong green leaves and blooms from December to March. However, the tree growing indoors does not fully grow and does not bear fruit. Saplings should meet the soil in the spring and benefit from the summer sun.
  • If you want your tree to bear fruit, it would be more logical to make cuttings from a grafted sapling instead of a seed. A mango tree planted from seed needs five to eight years to bear fruit; A potted nursery seedling should bear fruit in about four years. The tree itself grows quite fast and can grow from seed to a small tree in as little as four years.
  • Young mango tree seedlings need bright light but not direct sunlight. As the tree begins to grow and mature, it needs as much sunlight as possible, which may mean a potted tree needs to go outside. The mango tree needs at least six hours of sun a day and preferably eight to ten hours. It is best to place it in a south-facing area. In winter, you may need to use a grow light.
  • Rich, peat-based potting soil with excellent drainage is ideal for potted trees. If you are planting your mango tree in the garden, make sure it is planted in soil that dries out slightly between waterings.
  • Water regularly, several times a week in dry weather, but do not allow the tree to sit in wet soil with wet feet. The mango tree, like many tropical fruit trees, thrives in alternating wet and dry periods.
  • Mango trees prefer humidity above 50 percent; Mist an indoor tree daily if the weather is dry. Keep your tree as warm as possible and always above 10 degrees. Mango trees cannot tolerate frost, and even at 5 degrees, flowers and fruits fall. A mango tree can be grown outdoors in the garden in very hot climates where the average temperature is 30 to 40 degrees. If your summers are warm enough, you can move your indoor mango tree outside for the season.
Feed with a weak liquid fertilizer during the growing season. Reduce fertilizing to once a month or more in winter. During the flowering season, it is low in nitrogen and higher in potassium and phosphorus.

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